​​​​California Unruh Civil Rights Act Compliance

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Frequently asked questions

Does the Unruh Civil Rights Act apply to all employers in California?

The Unruh Act applies to all businesses in California. This includes hotels and motels, restaurants, theaters, hospitals, barber and beauty shops, housing accommodations, and retail establishments. However, certain employers may not be considered a “business” under the law. A primary example is public school districts.

What is considered a business establishment under the Unruh Act?

The law has been interpreted to include entities that engage in commercial activities. For example, even though a school is not considered a business under the law, it may be considered a business when engaging in commercial activities such as selling football tickets.

What is the penalty for violating the Unruh Act?

Under the Unruh Act, a business sued for violation can be required to pay a minimum of $4,000, as well as potentially three times the cost of actual damages.